REC AO Blog
Hispanic farmers gathered at the Kearney Agricultural Research and Extension Center today for a half-day seminar in Spanish about small-scale agricultural production.
A key topic was food safety. UC Cooperative Extension small farm advisor Richard Molinar acknowledged at the meeting that farmers who have been producing crops for dozens of years without incident might wonder why documenting food safety procedures is warranted. He said heightened awareness of food safety issues has consumers and retailers demanding such documentation, even if it isn't required by law. In the future, government agencies might develop food safety guidelines for small-scale farmers.
"Retailers are asking packinghouses and wholesalers for the food-safety documents," Molinar said. "They want to see written policies in place."
Other topics addressed at the meeting were squirrel and gopher control, sucking insect control, groundwater protection and pesticide calibration.
The Hispanic Farmers Conference at KARE.
Richard Molinar discusses food safety in Spanish.
Since 1951 (and prior to), when the University purchased the HREC property from Roy Pratt, there have been sheep grazing much of the property. To ease movement of researchers and staff on the Center devices commonly called "cattleguards" have been used to replace gates where roads cross pasture fencelines. This allows free movement of vehicles without the need to get out of the vehicle to open/close a gate. At HREC, since we only have sheep as livestock on the premises, we might call these "sheepguards". Prior designs with flat, rail tops, have in recent years been "figured out" by sure-footed sheep and simply were not working to restrict the sheep movement between pastures. This new design, with rounded pipes at the crossing-surface of the "sheepguard", seems to be working well to prevent sheep from crossing.
BMSB is now found in 33 states. Although not established in California, it has been identified in Los Angeles and Solano counties. BMBS can fly, but they primarily move into new areas by hitchhiking on vehicles and equipment.
Native to Asia, it's thought that BMSB arrived in packing crates shipped to the Eastern U.S. It has a large host range that includes grapes and many of the fruits and vegetables grown in California. Damage can be substantial when BMSB populations are not identified early and managed appropriately.
Apple growers in the Mid-Atlantic states have reported losses of $37 million representing 18 percent of their fresh apple market. Growers and wineries are also concerned that the “stink” from any bugs accidentally crushed in wine or juice grapes could taint the product with off flavors. This insect should concern homeowners as well, since people in the Mid-Atlantic states have reported large populations of BMBS overwintering in their homes and becoming a nuisance.
BMSBs resemble some other California stinkbugs, such as the rough stink bug, a beneficial predator of other insects. If you think you’ve found a BMSB, or any other odd or unique looking insect pest, you should collect it and bring it to your local university advisor, ag commissioner or state ag department entomologist for proper identification. Early identification of invasive pests is critical for protecting California’s billion dollar agricultural industries.
You can learn more about the BMSB and current research here.
The benches in the entomology greenhouse at LREC are being renovated in order to better support potted citrus. Seedlings are grown in this house and used for experiments to test the effects of insecticides on citrus leafminer. These plants are also...
Gerry, Jose T. and Jose H. make improvements in the benches
California brushlands, or otherwise called chaparral habitat, are zones of mystery to many folks. However, many interesting and colorful plant species can be found there. Purple Nightshade (Solanum xanti), found in cismontane brush or woods up to 4000' elevation, is one of those plants that brightens the chaparral landscape and is commonly known as "chaparral nightshade". It is a perennial herb or subshrub that bears an umbel-shaped inflorescence with many purple-blue flowers complemented by bright yellow anthers that gather at the center.
As with most other plants in the nightshade family (Solanaceae) all parts of the plants are poisonous including the pea-sized purple berries. Edible members of this family group include eggplant and potato.